Changes of Regime and Social Dynamics in West Java
Graduation: Leiden University, Faculty of Arts, 15 December 2005.
Promotor: prof. dr. J.L. Blussé van Oud-Alblas.
The Ph.D. theses addresses the process of changes in the social structure of Banten from 1750 to 1830, especially focusing on local people's behaviours. Subject of discussion will be what sort of impact the Dutch gave, how local people reacted to it, and concomitantly how the Banten society transformed. The period is divided into four segments.
In the first period, 1750 to the mid 1780s, the Dutch attempted to increase the pepper production in the territory of the Banten sultanate, in order to meet the increasing demand in Europe and China. The Dutch conducted annual inspections in the rural regions, in view of more effective control of the production. In this period I shall examine how the Dutch brought attempted to introduce a geographical administrative system in the local society; and how the Dutch intervention elicited a certain reaction from the local people.
In the second period, the late 1780s to 1811, people abandoned pepper cultivation and left for other places, especially for the border regions with Batavia, which were emerging as new developing regions, opened up mainly by the Javanese and Chinese from Batavia and its surrounding areas. The Chinese from the Riau and Lingga Islands came to contact with their compatriots in the north coast of Banten. In this period I shall focus on �illegal� activities conducted by local and foreign people, and analyse how they can be situated in the broader context, such as the expansion of the Chinese from Batavia, and the changes in the political situation in the Riau and Lingga Islands.
In the third period, the English interregnum in 1811 to 1816, I shall analyse the change of the relationship between the English, the local elite, and the cultivators, especially focusing on the landholding system and tax collecting system.
In the fourth period, 1816 to 1830 under the Dutch colonial rule, the Dutch conducted systematic research on population, administrative system, agriculture, industry, etc. in each district. On the basis of these research reports, I shall discuss how local people reacted to the new system that the Dutch introduced, and as a result how the traditional socio-political system was (or was not) incorporated into this new system.
Prof. Dr. J. Leonard Blussé
Prof. Tsuneyuki Suzuki
Dr. Freek Colombijn